Lecture 2 – keywords and names

Adrian Piper – conceptual artist and philosopher. Theorizes race both in her writings and in performance. Her performance art and installations focus on racism, racial stereotyping, and xenophobia. / “Cornered” (1988) / “Presenting herself in a manner that confounds stereotyping, Piper dissects what constitutes racial identity.

Allan Kaprow (1927-2006) – American painter and pioneer in establishing the concepts of performance art. Coined the term “Happenings” in the 1960s to designate his works which could not be put into any of the art categories at the time. He made a distinction between “lifelike art” and “artlike art”.

Barbara Kruger – is an American Conceptual artist known for her combination of type and image that conveys a direct feminist cultural critique. Her works examine stereotypes and the behaviors of consumerism with text layered over mass-media images.

Bruce Nauman – American artist. His practice spans a broad range of media including sculpture, photography, neon, video, drawing, printmaking, and performance. 

Felicityeloquence, applicability, pertinence, relevance

Fictiona fabricated aesthetic reality not belonging to ordinary life

Gonzalo DiazChilean artist. In the late 1970s he began producing labyrinthine installations that incorporate paintings as well as objects. His central thematic concerns: the troubled status of painting in contemporary Chilean art, which in the late 1970s and early 1980s was largely dominated by conceptual and photographic practices, and the relationship between painting and the construction of national identity. 

Illocution/ Perlocutionutterance that has a certain (conventional) force, such as informing, ordering, warning, etc. / what we bring about or achieve by saying something, such as convincing, persuading, surprising, misleading.

John Austinthe most influential philosopher teaching in Oxford in the 1950s. His theory of performatives was developed by theorists of performance studies and social studies. “How to do things with words” (1962)

John SearleAmerican philosopher who in th 1960s asserted that the basic unit of communication was the “speech act”. Searle argued that people constructed their realities largely by means of speech acts; and they communicated these realities to each other by means of speech acts.

Marcel Duchampwas a French-American painter, sculptor, chess player, and writer whose work is associated with Cubism, Dada, and conceptual art. He had a seminal influence on the development of conceptual art.

Parasitic utteranceThe use of discourse in the realm of fiction rather then in “normal real world talk”.

Performative/ Constativeit indicates that the issuing of the utterance is the performing of an action / an utterance that does not denote an action, it can be a description of an action

Serious/ Non seriousa serious utterance is one that is issued by an appropriate person in an appropriate context / a non serious utterance is one that is issued in a diferent realm of reality, e.g. by an actor in a play.

Sol LeWitt (1928-2007)American artist linked to various movements, including Conceptual art and Minimalism. He came to fame in the late 1960s with his wall drawings and “structures” (a term he preferred instead of “sculptures”) but was prolific in a wide range of media including drawing, printmaking, photography, painting, installation, and artist’s books.

Speech Actclaimed as the basic unit of communication by American philosopher John Searle. Searle argued that people constructed their realities largely by means of speech acts; and they communicated these realities to each other by means of speech acts. A “Speech Act” has doings on at least 3 levels: (1) the uttering of sounds formed into words and sentences; (2) words and sentences that refer to thigs and events or predict; (3) words and sentences that state, question, command, promise, and so on.